Emergency Planning and Preparedness
Affordable energy is essential to help improve the quality of life for global citizens and to help economic growth. The global energy system is both large and complex. The last three years have seen dramatic changes in energy demand and supply caused initially by the COVID pandemic and then the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
While this experience has shown the resilience of the global energy system, it has also again demonstrated the need to allow the energy markets to function as efficiently as possible to avoid disruption. This report discusses a number of key areas where industry and the administration can continue to work together to ensure the energy markets are as efficient as possible. These include ensuring continued free access to imports and exports of natural gas, crude oil, and refined products, removing barriers to supply such as permitting of production and processing, and enabling low-cost transportation for all types of energy.
This report also discusses steps that should be taken to help respond to disruptions caused by hurricanes, cyber-attacks, and physical attacks.
Full Report (120 pages)
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The NPC members, through approving the 2014 NPC report Enhancing Emergency Preparedness for Natural Disasters, made a commitment to follow through with DOE and support implementation of the recommendations. In April 2016, DOE held the fourth annual “Clear Path” energy sector preparedness exercise and changed the exercise from an academic session format of earlier Clear Path exercises and more toward a functional exercise. This exercise provided an opportunity to observe and document the implementation of the 2014 NPC report recommendations.
The exercise planning, observation, and feedback built upon previous work completed by DOE and industry in working toward implementing the NPC report recommendations. The move to a functional exercise created the opportunity for industry and government to work together not just during the exercise, but during the planning and review processes. The 2016 NPC Implementation Addendum is a presentation and working paper that is the output of this effort, providing a detailed summary on progress in implementing the 2014 NPC report recommendations and opportunities for improvement.
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The report provides advice on how the oil and natural gas industry and government can better prepare for and respond to significant disruptions to oil and natural gas supply chains caused by natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, etc. Although this study focuses on emergency scenarios caused by natural disasters, the outcomes from this study will be useful to DOE and industry in responding to impacts from a much broader range of potential incidents and vulnerabilities that result in energy disruptions.
The recommendations identify mechanisms for the U.S. government and industry to improve communication and coordination in responding to energy system disruptions and fall into two broad categories: (1) leveraging institutional frameworks that are appropriately staffed and (2) maintaining readiness through sustaining mechanisms to address interdependencies, enhance capabilities, and continuously improve. The government and industry share a commitment to prepare for, mitigate the impacts from, and respond to the energy supply disruptions caused by natural disasters.
(192 pages) Price per printed copy: $20.00
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This NPC report suggests actions for identifying and reducing infrastructure vulnerabilities within the oil and natural gas industries. It presents the case for moving forward in the new business environment, adopting critical infrastructure protection thinking as part of the foundation of acting in the best interests of a company. It identifies the issues and the steps forward that the oil and natural gas industries and the government will need to implement to ensure the integrity and continuity of the industries infrastructure.
This reports recommendations are intended to be dynamic, reflecting the fact that the industry is in the midst of significant change. Even the understanding of critical infrastructure protection is still evolving. Energy infrastructures are inextricably linked with other critical infrastructures, and, as a result, the report takes a holistic perspective on critical infrastructure protection.
(100 pages) Price per printed copy: $15.00
The report was prepared in response to a request from the Secretary to recommend methods of government/industry cooperation to use in varying stress situations, particularly national security emergencies. The NPC report recommends three types or levels of petroleum industry assistance in energy emergencies, depending on their nature and severity. The response levels include: company emergency contacts, executive advisory groups, and a petroleum National Defense Executive Reserve. The report presents a detailed discussion of each response level, the practical and legal aspects of the various methods, and recommendations on the mission, organization, and rules of operation of each.
Printed report: (130 pages) Price: $15.00
The report discusses significant issues relating to the short-term worldwide supply and demand for crude oil and refined petroleum products following Iraqs invasion of Kuwait. The report, prepared prior to the successful “Operation Desert Storm,” places emphasis on ways in which the complex but flexible petroleum distribution system could be expected to deal with the effects of various types of problems. The issue of most immediate interest and concern was the potential effect of a significant further disruption of petroleum exports from the Middle East. The Councils report recommended several actions to ensure that the impact of such a disruption on military needs and the U.S. economy, if it were to occur, would be minimized. The Council also cautioned against certain types of government response that could reduce the ability of the petroleum supply system to respond effectively.
Printed report: (140 pages) Price: $15.00
The Strategic Petroleum Reserve:
The report examines the capabilities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to distribute oil during an emergency and recommends certain changes to ensure the timely and efficient drawdown, distribution, and refining of SPR crude oil. The study assesses the capabilities of four operational areas: SPR facilities, the overland distribution system, the marine distribution system, and the domestic refining industry. These areas are studied under three distinct cases: 1983 actual conditions, a 1990 nondisrupted case, and a 1990 disrupted case.
Printed report: (296 pages) Price: $30.00
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Emergency Preparedness for Interruption of Petroleum Imports into the United States (1981)
The report discusses emergency preparedness plans for oil import disruptions, specifically addressing emergency demand reduction and fuel substitution options, inventories and strategic stocks, emergency oil and gas production, emergency refining operations, emergency logistics operations, international considerations, and emergency industry/ government operations. The study examines potential emergencies stemming from major cutoffs of oil imports into the United States and does not deal with public issues related to petroleum industry operations in non-emergency conditions.
Printed report: (512 pages) Price: $32.50
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